New Pet Vaccination. What Vaccines Does My Pet Need?

Dog Vaccination
Vaccinating you pet can seem like a worrisome choice. Common concerns often surround vaccine reactions, and if the benefits outweigh the risks.  While some vaccines may be appropriate to opt of for your pet, there are a few that are critically important to your pet’s health and enforcing effective disease prevention.

What do Vaccines do?

Vaccines stimulate the animal’s immune system response by containing a modified live attenuated or killed form of bacteria or virus. Through this modification, the vaccine cannot manifest into a disease but only elicits an immune response. Consequently, when your pet encounters the specific virus or bacteria later on, its immune system will promptly and effectively eradicate the disease-causing agent.

Moreover, vaccines play a crucial role in preventing very serious, life-threatening diseases in your pet. They offer reassurance regarding your pet’s increased likelihood of remaining happy and healthy, and their cost is significantly lower than that of disease treatment.

Furthermore, much like human vaccination, vaccinating your pet also contributes to keeping other animals safe. Animals that are too young to receive vaccines or have specific health conditions that prevent them from being vaccinated benefit from “herd immunity,” which significantly reduces the spread of disease due to the high populations of vaccinated animals

Why does my pet need to receive booster vaccinations?

Over time, the effectiveness of the vaccine gradually declines, diminishing the protection your pet has against the specified disease. Boosters are necessary to maintain effective immune responses from your pet against the virus or bacteria.

What Vaccines Does My Pet Need?

Your pet’s required vaccines vary depending on the species, as they are designed to protect against the most serious and likely exposure risks.

Moreover, vaccines fall into two categories: core vaccines and non-core vaccines. Core vaccines are essential for diseases most likely to affect your pet, while non-core vaccines are optional, recommended based on associated risk factors your pet may have.

It’s essential to discuss with your veterinarian the appropriateness of your pet receiving any non-core vaccines.

Core Vaccines for Cats include:
• Feline Rhinotracheitis (Herpesvirus Type I)
• Feline Calicivirus
• Panleukopenia (Distemper)
• Rabies*
Non-Core Vaccines for Cats include:
• Feline Leukemia
• Bordetella (Kennel Cough)
• Chlamydia
• Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
• Ringworm
• Giardia
Core Vaccines for Dogs include:
• Canine Distemper
• Canine hepatitis Adenovirus-2
• Parvovirus
• Rabies*
Non-Core Vaccines for Dogs include:
• Parainfluenza (Canine Influenza)
• Leptospirosis
• Lyme Disease
• Bordetella (Kennel Cough)
• Corona Virus
• Giardia
*Rabies vaccines are required by law

Typically, your dog will receive vaccination for Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza and Parviovirus in one vaccine, which is often referred to as the DHPP or DA2PP vaccine. Sometimes it does not include Parainfluenza as seen in three-year distemper vaccine, referred as the DHP or DA2P.

Similarly, cats will receive vaccination for Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia in one vaccine, referred commonly as FVRCP or FRCP.

Are Vaccines Safe?

Yes, for most healthy dogs and cats, the risk of a bad reaction to vaccination is very rare. However, the risks associated with vaccinating are minute compared to the health risks associated with contracting the disease. You can discuss with your veterinarian if your pet is at an increased risk for a negative reaction; factors to consider include age, vaccine history, or allergies.

Additionally, for some puppies, kittens, or small breeds, your veterinarian may recommend spreading out vaccines over a specified period to avoid a negative reaction. This approach may also be recommended if you are electing to perform several non-core vaccines.

Furthermore, if your pet is unwell or in the midst of a course of treatment, your veterinarian will likely suggest delaying vaccination. This is because their immune system is compromised at the time, fighting off a different virus or bacteria, and may not adequately respond to the administering of the vaccine.

Vaccine Side effects

There are some mild side effects that may occur in the following days, but should only last a day or two. Common mild side effects include;
• Mild fever
• Lethargy
• Reduced appetite
• Coughing and sneezing
• Pain around the injection site (you may also notice slight redness and swelling around the area)
You should call your veterinarian immediately if you notice your pet has the following reactions;
• Hives
• Trouble breathing
• Vomiting
• Swelling around face, eyes, or nose
Overall, vaccines are an important part of keeping your furry loved one happy and healthy. If you have any further concerns or questions regarding vaccinations please give us a call and our vet in Newmarket is happy to discuss this further!
If you are looking for a veterinary clinic in Newmarket Aurora area please give us a call at 905-898-1010 and we would be happy to book an appointment for you and your pet!